Putting down your dog can be the toughest decision you ever have to make. It is a decision you should not take lightly. When considering euthanasia for your dog you should conduct some research first to find out what the best available options are for your dog.
Coming to terms with the fact that your dog is getting old is a sad realization to have and seeing your dog feeble and in pain is a very sad sight. This is what leads many pet owners to consider euthanasia. Finding out if you should consider having your dog euthanized is a very complex issue.
If you know your dog is suffering and in pain, euthanasia might be the best option. The tricky part is determining what kind of quality of life your dog has. You obviously do not want to euthanize your dog if the dog still enjoys life and has a manageable amount of pain. Basing your decision to euthanize your dog off of guess work and assumptions is not a good way to approach this problem.
How To Determine Your Dogs Quality of Life
The signs of old age are fairly easy to spot. The most obvious symptom of age is a lack of energy. An increase in lethargy should be expected, especially in bigger dog breeds as they get older. What is most important is pain level with your older dog. If the dog is constantly in a lot of pain, the first option should be pain management. A very strong indicator of a poor quality of life is if the dog is still in a lot of pain even while taking medication.
Special Consideration for Larger Breeds
According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, dogs weighing over 70lbs have a 45% greater chance of of developing arthritis. Another correlation between health problems and dog size is the age at which a dog is considered geriatric. According to the UC Davis Book of Dogs:
- small-breed dogs (such as small terriers) become geriatric at 11 years
- medium-breed dogs (such as larger golden retrievers) at 10 years
- large-breed dogs (such as german sheapards) at 8 years
- giant-breed dogs (such as Great Danes) at 7 years
In the April issue of the scientific journal “The American Naturalist,” biologists at Germany’s University of Göttingen explored the relationship between size of dog breeds and life expectancy. Researchers analyzed data on over 55,000 dogs representing 75 breeds that visited North American veterinary teaching hospitals. The scientists found that larger dogs appeared to age at a faster rate than smaller dogs. Interestingly, the research concluded that every increase in 4.4 pounds reduces life expectancy by approximately one month.
The breed of dog however is more important when determining possible future health problems than the size of the dog. Some breeds are more predisposed to inherit specific diseases. Dog Time has a great section on specific breeds of dogs and frequent healthy problems.
Spaying and Neutering
According to a study by the British Veterinary Association, neutered and spayed dogs live longer on average compared to non neutered and spayed dogs. Furthermore the study suggested female dogs live 0.80 years longer than male dogs.
Signs and Behaviors of Dogs Before Dying
- Labored breathing
- Shaking or tremors
- Lack of appetite
These are all fairly strong indications that your dogs health is deteriorating. Excessive fur shedding, cataracts and lack of vision, deafness, and difficulty moving are other less serious health problems that should still be addressed. Everything needs to betaken into consideration when deciding if your dogs symptoms are enough to warrant euthanasia.
A whole separate article can be written about pain management and how difficult it is to accurately quantify pain across different populations of people. It is even more difficult to gauge pain levels for a dog. Because of this lack in analytical tools and a communication barrier, it is hard to reliably gauge a dogs levels. This leaves pet owners having to estimate the pain level of a dog.
If you are trying to estimate your dogs acute (temporary) pain level following an injury or surgery then please use this helpful chart to measure pain levels. If your dog scores a 3 or 4 on the scale you should consider a new medication or increasing the dosage. Most importantly you should consult with a veterinarian.
Chronic pain is defined as persistent pain lasting for 12 weeks or longer. This type of pain likely indicates a more serious underlying health problem. The pain your dog experiences should be analyzed on a weekly basis. Every dog has good and bad days. If their is more good days than bad days in a week that is a positive sign that your dog has a good quality of life.
Talk to Your Veterinarian
It is important to set up a vet appointment for your dog before administering any medical treatment. Your veterinarian will be the best source of information regarding the prognosis of your dog and determining the best treatment plan. Not only are veterinarians good at treating a medical condition with your dog, they are also good at determining the expected effectiveness of medication in helping your dog. As mentioned earlier, one of the main factors in determining a dog's quality of life is to measure the pain the dog experience AFTER taking medication.
If your dog is prescribed medication and is still having trouble doing daily activities such a getting up stairs or going outside and is experiencing worsening health problems then you need to re-evaluate the quality of life of your dog. Sometimes increasing the dosage of medication will help, other times it will not. This is something you need to discuss with a veterinarian.
Cost of Treatment
Unfortunately cost does come into play when making this decision. Often times the cost of treating your dog’s disease may outweigh the slight improvement in quality your dog will have for his or her remaining few years. Furthermore what sometimes happens with pet owners is they pay for the initial treatment plan but cannot afford the remaining treatment or medication. It helps to consult with your veterinarian on the cost of the full treatment plan before starting anything.
In many cases, your dog will give you signs that it is not living a happy or fulfilling life. You know your dog better than anyone so it should be obvious when your dog is really struggling. Ultimately the goal is to reduce the suffering and discomfort of your dog.
It can be difficult to not second yourself if you decide to use euthanasia to put your dog to sleep. A common reaction is to feel guilty for even considering euthanasia. In a situation like this you need to leave your personal desires and wishes to side. Of course YOU want your dog to stay around, but the decision to euthanize should be based solely off of the dog's quality of life.
Getting Vet Checkups
Some health problems are avoidable with routine visits to a veterinarian. If you have pet insurance plan it increases the likelihood of taking your dog to vet appointments. A little bit of maintenance can go a long way in ensuring the longevity of your pet. Check out How to Care for Your Old Dog for an in depth look at ways to improve the life of your senior dog.
Healthy Paws provides nationwide pet health insurance at affordable rates. Health insurance for a pet can be a life saver if your pet gets injured or starts exhibiting worrisome symptoms. Also, the early detection of a disease can drastically increase the survival rate for your dog so that they live a long and happy life.
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